According to preliminary figures by the Federal Association of the Energy and Water Industry (BDEW), gas consumption declined by 18% and electricity consumption by 4% with renewable energy meeting 28% of demand in the first three quarters of 2014.
579 billion kWh of gas were consumed in Germany within the first nine months of 2014, down from 710 billion kWh in the same period last year. The main reason according to BDEW was the weather which was significantly milder than the cold first half of 2013. This reduced demand for heating. The decline of production in the chemicals industry was another reason for decreasing demand. In addition to the declining demand for gas for heating purposes, the use of gas for electricity production fell again by 13%, in particular in highly efficient and environmentally friendly CHP plants. The efficient operation of conventional power plants was often no longer possible due to the growing production of renewable energy, BDEW said. Renewable energy enjoys priority in the German grids and receives above-market remuneration pursuant to the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG).
Electricity consumption also declined in the first nine months by 4% from 412 billion kWh to 396 kWh, according to BDEW, which named the weak economic situation of the energy-intensive industry and the milder weather as well as energy savings efforts and an increase of energy efficiency. Renewable energy sources met 28% of the electricity demand thanks to further growth and favourable weather conditions, BDEW said.
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