Preliminary information by AG Energiebilanzen (Working Group Energy Balances – AGEB) that German lignite-fired power production increased to 162 billion kWh has been widely reported in the media and commented by politicians and interested parties.
Lignite-fired power production increased from 160.7 billion kWh in 2012 to 162 billion kWh in 2013, accounting for 25.8% of the gross electricity production in Germany. This is the highest figure since 1990, the year after the German reunification in which many former East German coal-fired power plants were still in operation.
Green party members called on the government to canvass for higher EU emission allowance prices to curb lignite coal production, media reports said.
First preliminary estimates for German CO2 emissions in 2013 indicated an increase, yet this was attributable to the cold weather at the beginning of 2013, the magazine Stern quotes the Germany Environmental Agency (UBA) as saying. The association of lignite coal producers, Bundesverband Braunkohle, emphasised that the rise of lignite-fired power production of roughly 1% was accompanied by efficiency gains due to more modern coal-fired power plants leading to a decrease of the use of lignite resources by almost 2% to 182 million tons. The association also said that CO2 emissions by power plants were capped by the European Emission Trading System EU ETS. Hence efforts to limit lignite-fuelled power production in Germany would only lead to a shift of production to other European countries.
The fact that hard coal-fired power production also rose from 116.4 billion kWh in 2012 to 124 billion kWh, accounting for 19.7% of the gross electricity production, appears to not be as widely reported. Gas power production on the other hand fell from 76.4 billion kWh to 66 billion kWh. This shows that the phase-out of nuclear energy, on which Germany decided following the nuclear accident in Japan in 2011, is to a considerable degree made up for by coal-fired power plants. However, renewable power sources increased to 147.1 billion kWh in 2013 (2012: 143.5 billion kWh), whereas gas-fired power plants were often too expensive to compete.
The energy policy shift also has consequences for electricity imports and exports. In total Germany has been exporting more than it has been importing for the past ten years (and occasionally even before). However, exports have been particularly high in 2012, amounting to 23.8 billion kWh. They rose further to 33 billion kWh in 2013.
Sources: AG Energiebilanzen (Working Group Energy Balances – AGEB), information on gross electricity production in Germany from 1999 to 2013  (preliminary information for 2013); preliminary information on energy consumption in Germany in 2013 ; Stern
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